Tuesday, October 26, 2010
Delaney Cummings. Period 3
If a picture is worth a 1,000 words, then the Nazis are guilty of stealing millions of words, represented by the thousands of paintings and other pieces of artwork they stole. It has been called the “greatest mass theft in history,” with countless families having being robbed of precious art and heirlooms. Starting in 2005, an organization called Claims Conference and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum began the project of returning works of art. Around 20,000 art works are now online, which are waiting to be claimed by their rightful owners. The website was made using the archives of the German agency tasked with logging the stolen art, the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg. These documents today are housed at the French foreign ministry, the US nation archives, and the German federal archives. Much of the art belongs to French or Belgian families, and was stored in the Jeu de Paume Museum in Paris during the Nazi occupation of France. Currently, there have been 260 collections and 269 owners identified in the database. It is now up to museums, art dealers, and auction houses to check whether they are in possession of any art stolen from Holocaust victims.
Jeremy L. Period 1
Saturday, October 23, 2010
Friday, October 22, 2010
Three days after the first nuclear bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, young Kazuko Uragashira was on a train to her uncle’s house in the city of . Little did she know, that she would be walking into one of the worlds worst disasters. Kazuko Uragashira is one of the last remaining survivors of both nuclear blasts. There is an estimated 150 people who are thought to have been exposed to both bombings. Many of the single and double bombing survivors are now speaking out to why the Americans decided to bomb not one but two Japanese cities. The survivor’s times are running short and now time is ticking against them to get their voices out.
People seem to ignore global warming and pollution, but its existence proves to be in affect. The Jordan River which travels in Israel, Jordan and Palestine is another outcome of this epidemic. The river is sacred to Christians, because Jesus was baptized in it. Every year numerous Christians travel to this holy river and submerge their body in this water, despite the health hazards. This once clean river is currently composed of sewage, fish pond water, and agricultural waste. Sewage appears to be the most hazardous since several pipes empty its waste into this water. Also people living along the river mimic the pipes actions, and dump waste into it as well. Each year the river deteriorates, and it may disappear completely within the next year. Animals and wildlife have slowly migrated elsewhere, due to the unavailability of fresh water the Jordan River once provided. The shrinking of this river also threatens the Dead Sea because there is hardly any flow from the river, and the rivers' output is toxic. It is quite a tragedy and disappointment that this universally known river has almost disappeared due to a lack of care.
Amber C. Period 3
Taylor M., Period 3
After the Goryeo king formally surrendered to the Mongols in 1270, the printing
Thursday, October 21, 2010
Russia's most mysterious archaeological site takes up a vast majority of a small island in the center of a remote lake high in the mountains of southern Siberia. Por-Bajin, the fortress, was supposedly built by the Uighurs, and there were excavations conducted on the site during the 1950s and the 1960. But now Irina Arzhantseva of the Russian Academy of Sciences is digging here for the Por-Bajin Cultural Foundation to find out when the complex was truly built and for what purpose. The few artifacts discovered at the site seem to be dated back to the mid-eighth century A.D. That was the time period of the Uighurs, who might have built the site on an island for defense from forces of warriors on horseback. Or, perhaps the island was the site of a palace or a memorial for a ruler. Por-Bajin's unique layout, more complex than that of other Uighur fortresses of the period, has led some scholars to suggest that it might have had a ritual role. The Uighurs eventually adopted Manichaeism so Por-Bajin was probably built by the son of a Uighur and a Chinese princess who married, Bö-gü, who converted to Manichaeism. The truth is that even now, after archaeologists have excavated one-third of the site to exacting standards, Por-Bajin remains a mystery, but with multiple theories.
As always, China is in a fued with one group of people or another. This time it is with students of the Tibetan schools. The reason why this is taking place is because the Rebkong has now instilled a rule that all subjects are to be taught in Mandarin and all textbooks to be printed in Chinese. Tibetans have had a long heated past with the Chinese and Tibetans stated in this article that China is trying to get rid of the Tibetan culture in order to gain control over the Himalayan region. The riots regarding this heated topic have killed over 200 Tibetans and 21 Chinese people.
After reading this article, I questioned the Tibetan’s reasoning for their riots. Although they have a long heated past with the Chinese, China is trying to set a medium of instruction. Just like in the United States, those who come from Mexico and other countries are expected to read the textbooks in English and required to take instruction in English. If parents of the Tibetan students have such a concern than they are more than welcome to teach their kids Tibetan at home.
Olivia S. Period 7
Tuesday, October 19, 2010
JJ A. Period 7
By: Taylor W.
Compared to the cruel working conditions children suffered during the Industrial Revolution, the Incan sacrifices triumphs over other society’s treatment of children. Just a few months ago, archeologists discovered the remains of seven children sacrificed and buried with gold and silver figurines, pottery, and clothing beneath a 500-600 year old building found in the Cuzco Valley in Peru. Unfortunately, Incan and foreign children between the ages of three and twelve were selected for these sacrificial rituals based on their physical attributes and tooth development. After chosen, victims were brought to the Incan capitol, Cuzco, and escorted to distant sacrificial sites, where religious priests administered elaborate ceremonies and violently strangled and fractured children’s hyoid neck bone to honor the Incan deities and promote political unity. Moreover, it seems the Inca viewed these sacrifices seemed seamless and ordinary to normal Incan society. Nonetheless, due to the evolution of laws and religion, such actions would lead to death, persecution, or other unsympathetic penalties today.
Brandon Y. Period 7
Monday, October 18, 2010
Today, the Olympics are one of the most popular sporting events in the world with hundreds of millions of viewers. When the Olympics first started back in 776 BCE, many things were different. To start, the games were held every four years only in Olympia, Greece whereas today they are held every four years in cities all around the world. Also, the ancient Olympics didn’t have winter games and there were only ten total events. In today’s games, there are about 380 total events in the summer and winter Olympics. In ancient times, the events were very different. Boxing for example, didn’t have gloves and there weren’t weight classes. Wrestling was also very different. There were two separate types, one played from the ground and one played from standing upright. The objective was to get the opponent to touch the ground. If the opponent’s shoulders or hips touch the ground, they lost. There were also some events played in Olympia that are not played today. These include chariot racing, pankration, and the pentathlon. Another huge difference was the competitors and viewers. Only men were allowed to compete and watch. If a woman was caught watching the Olympics she was killed. One way officials made sure women weren’t getting into the Olympics and viewing the games was by making everyone walk in to the stadium in the nude. Although the first Olympics were a training ground for Greek warriors, modern Olympic Games are a showcase for talented athletes from all around the world.
The answer to this question may be in the works of an anonymous 17th-century northern Italian artist. In each of this artist’s ten newly found paintings (except one) he portrays a blue indigo fabric that is threaded with white. This blue indigo fabric, for example, appears in the jacket of a beggar boy and in the skirts of a peasant woman. Gerlinde Gruber, curator of for Flemish Baroque paintings at the Picture Gallery of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, has dubbed this unknown artist the “Master of the Blue Jeans.” According to Gruber, it was unusual for a painter to depict the poor with great detail, which may be why jean fabric was not often portrayed in other artwork. The “Master of the Blue Jeans” however, did show the lives of the poor, and his inclusion of blue indigo fabric in his works could reflect the growing use of denim among the poor during his lifetime.
According to curators, the blue hue of the fabric depicted in this artist’s paintings is identical to the indigo that is used today to dye denim; further proof that today’s denim can claim northern Italy as its birthplace. But whether Italian or French, one thing is clear: jeans have gone from being a blue indigo fabric worn by lowly peasants and beggars to a must-have fundamental of a fashion-forward wardrobe, costing up to $600 a pair.Ana N.
By Tyler M.
On Friday, anthropologists announced and confirmed the germ that many feared called Yersinia pestis which caused the plague that killed third of the Europe’s population in the Middle Ages. They used 76 skeletons’ teeth and bones from the "plague pits" founded in the France, Germany, Italy and the Netherland. They had DNA test run to prove Yersinia pestis was to blame for. This germ had been around for longer than a century as a source of the Black Death which lasted from the 14th century to the 18th century. A study say that the germ was not located in Europe but in fact from Central or Southern Asia through trade. They continued to run testes on Yersinia pestis on 20 samples of DNA marker to indentify the bacterial strain. They are determined to see if our present day Yersinia pestis that has been going around the world is the match of the past Yersinia pestis, but they did not match. They were either Orientalis or Medievalis. The start of spreading started in November 1347, most likely driven by fleas living on rats that crept on the land from ship docked at the French port of Marseille. Over the six years, it reaches through western to northern France then over land to England then to all over Europe. Another guessing how the germ entered to Europe was from Norway or Friesland. After the chaos from 1347, the disease continued to spread around the continent, which causes a big mess in the social and political outcome.