Tuesday, December 15, 2009
Ed Johann is a retired firefighter. As a survivor of the attacks at Pearl Harbor Ed has many memories of that fateful day. However, his memories are not pleasant. While he was an apprentice seaman he spotted the Japanese planes flying toward Pearl Harbor. Ed was on a rescue boat that was one of the first to arrive at the scene of the USS Arizona after it had been attacked. When they got to the ship they saw the water filled with bodies some alive some dead, others dying. He and his rescue crew continued to carry as many soldiers as they could back and forth from the hospital. This day that dramatically affected the lives of so many people and families, changed the life of Ed Johann and continues to haunt him to this day.
Monday, December 14, 2009
Earhart a Survivor?
Evidence has been found that Amelia Earhart maybe have survived the unknown crash that caused her disappearance, in the summer of 1937. Scientists have found evidence that she most likely crashed on the island of Nikumaroro. There has been evidence of a few women bones that follow traits on women of European descent, and follow the body structure of Amelia. A women shoe has been found and so has an empty bottle. It seems that a forced landing was attempted on the fat island, and Amelia and her navigator survived and lived as outcasts on the island. They became castaways, and eventually died on the island. Scientists are not able to find more proof because Sand crabs that live on the island, have most likely snatched the bones, and hare now hidden deep in the crab caves. So the real question is, Was this Amelia’s final resting place, or is the mystery still unknown?
LATE LATE LATE
Saturday, December 12, 2009
The 3-inch thick, 12 pound book sat on his bookshelf for many years until a friend questioned what it is. After extensive research, the friend discovered that it could be an important relic, as the Monument's Men Foundation in Dallas had been searching for similar pictures in Germany for the past several years. Pistone offered the book to the Foundation, and after inspection, was notified that it was of true authenticity and great value. The book is part of series of books, all containing photographs of paintings. These book were logs of the paintings Hitle planned to place in his museum, Fuhrermuseum, in Linz, Germany.
The album will be returned to its homeplace through an official ceremony with Germany taking place in January. Before it makes another journey across the pond, however, it will be displayed for three months at the National World War II Museum in New Orleans.
THIS BLOG ENTRY WAS IN ON TIME BUT THERE WAS SOME ISSUES WITH MY COMPUTER SO I GOT IT IN A LITTLE LATE
He had to appear in front of the Inquisition to answer to his “heretical” ideas. His ideas were contrary to the church at the time so he was to be tried as a heretic. Galileo pleaded guilty to the charge of a heretic and admitted that he had argued the heliocentric theory too aggressively. The pope then has him put under indefinite house arrest in his villa in Arcetri which near Florence, where he spent the remaining years of his life.
Dokdo consists of two tiny rocky islets surrounded by 33 smaller rocks. Both Japan and Korea lay claim to Dokdo and both claim a long historical and geographical connection with the islets. In June 1947, the Japanese Foreign Ministry appealed to the U.S. occupation authorities over Japan's claim to sovereignty over both Ullungdo and Dokdo in a treatise entitled, "Minor Islands in the East Sea", hoping to influence U.S. opinion in any future deliberations concerning the island that would take place in the upcoming peace treaty negotiations. The Japanese ministers denied Korea's ownership on the grounds that "no Korean name exists for the island" and that Dokdo "is not shown on the maps made in Korea". The Japanese document also argued that the settlers on the island had just arrived recently and that the island’s development was "still in an incipient stage", and because of this, it was not within the Korean government’s ability to develop the island. And Japanese government distorted their history textbook about Dokdo that Dokdo is originally Japanese’s territory so Japanese students learning wrong history. The resolution of the dispute over Dokdo is still uncertain. However, governments outside of Japan and Korea really have no interest in getting involved in the issue.
Ji Hye J.
Pompeii - known for its grand villas and famous fish sauce, lavish homes with beautiful courtyard gardens, heating systems and running water. It was a vibrant city and a flourishing Roman trade town, until disaster struck...
August 4, A.D. 29, a cloud of smoke shaped like a pine tree could be seen escaping from Mt. Vesuvius. As astonished Pompeians made haste to collect all of their valuable belongings and flee towards the Bay of Naples, they could already taste the ash upon their tongues. They played fugitives on the beach, hoping to wait out the blanket of ash smothering their city. They would have no idea that in the next 19 hours, Pompeii would fall into a silent darkness. Just another lost civilization.
It would be another 1,700 years in 1748 before archeologists would begin the never-ending process of uncovering and preserving this lost city. An 18-year dig in Herculaneum, a city overlooking the Bay of Naples, revealed 300 bodies excavated from 75 feet of solidified ash. These were the escapees from Pompeii, most found to be carrying with them items of value. These victims were once assumed to have died from asphyxiation (suffocation), but it is later discovered through the study of bone fractures, that these Pompieans died instantly from thermal shock after a swell of heat overwhelmed the beach area. The fugitives were killed in mere seconds without any time to react.
It was a dreary day in Naples. It was overcast and only a matter of time before the clouds would open up to the rain, yet it set the perfect mood as I set foot onto Pompeii. It was the most fascinating part of my month-long trip exploring Europe. Pompeii was rich with an inauspicious history, but these tragic events made it all the more intriguing to me. As our tour guide led us through the unveiled streets of the once invisible city, I looked from right to left at what were once store fronts, villas, and whore houses. It could only lead me to imagine what it would be like to be living prosperously and peacefully one second and nineteen hours later vanish from existence. The tour guide answered this question for me. He told us a story about Pliny the Younger, the first and only eyewitness account of the life-altering event. I found more information on him through the Discovery Channel website to refresh my memory. Pliny the Younger was at his uncle's house, known as Pliny the Elder. As Mt. Vesuvius was blowing its top off, Pliny the Elder headed for the heart of Pompeii to witness the event. He did not survive, but Pliny the Younger, who stayed behind with his mother, survived. He wrote accounts of his first hand account of the deadly event and sent it to Tacitus, a Roman historian. He describes the terrible time as a "last unending night for the world" and so frightful that "some prayed for death." The cloud of ash was described as "the black of closed and unlighted rooms. "He describes the atmosphere as so thick of ash that they "stood up and shook up the ash again and again, otherwise [they] would have been covered by it been crushed by the weight." As the smoke died down, Pliny portrays what is left as a "changed world, buried in ash, like snow."
2,000 bodies were excavated, but 10,000 lives are estimated to being lost. It is so fascinating, though, to think that some actually did survive this catastrophic event, but there is no doubt it was possible. Take this quiz to see if you would have survived. I answered 13 out of 18 questions correct and made it to safety.
Zack S. period 7
Friday, December 11, 2009
His family claims Demjanjuk is seriously ill. However, secret footage shows him getting out of a car without struggle. Therefore, doctors examined him, and declared Demjanjuk was perfectly healthy to go on trial.
He is being charged with helping murder 27,900 Jews and other people at a mass extermination camp, Sobibor. Unfortunately, there are no actual eye-wittiness who saw Demjanjuk at the Sobibor camp because they are all dead. However, there are papers which state that Demjanjuk was a guard at Sobibor in the year 1943, from March to September. Demjanjuk's lawyer says that Demjanjuk was there against his will, so he should not be held accountable. Kurt Gutmann is a co-plaintiff whose mother and brother were murdered, and he says that "all [he] want[s] is for justice to be done."
From 1618 to 1967 over 150,000 British children were taken from their families and shipped to Australia in search of a better life. However, once there they discovered that this good life that they were looking for was a hoax, and all of them were sent to work on plantations and go to schools where often times they were abused physically and sexually. Definitely not what they were expecting to come out of this.
On Monday November 16, 2009, however, the prime minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd, made history by apologizing for the mistreatment of these children. There was a ceremony in Canberra, in which the some 7,000 survivors attended to see the 40 year late apology take place.
Although they were making a big deal over their mistreatment, neither the British or Australian governments took any of the blame for themselves. They said “liability lay with state governments and churches that ran the institutions.” This is of course completely wrong, as it was the governments who initially took the children from their families, and put in to these terrible institutions that would flog the kids within an inch of their life.
The Mayans were an advanced society with a very exact calendar that has led people to believe that the world is going to end on December 21, 2012. First of all, the Mayan calendar does not even technically end on that particular date but it does mark when the new cycle of the Mayan calendar begins. So couldn't have the Mayans just decided to stop this particular year because they were getting tired of calculating it all out? Another Mayan myth is that when the world ends it will undergo a pole-shift which would happen due to a large amount of gravitational pull on the Earth. The pole-shift would lead to many disasters such as hurricanes and tsunamis that would put an end to world as we know it. Scientists do not believe this will happen but say that a small pole-shift is possible. Other thoughts to how the world will end is after galactic alignment, collision with an unknown planet, and solar storms, but again all are downplayed by scientists. The truth is that the Maya never specifically said anything was even going to happen in 2012 but we, as humans, let fear get to our heads and over exaggerated reality.
Believe it or not, nearly 50% Americans are said to have experienced extreme levels of stress. The great deals of stress have been brought upon us through the need to survive, and help provide for others. Although it may seem as if stress levels have been increasing drastically, there is evidence that proves that stress has been existent for quite a long period of time now. Archaeologists have followed though with tests on a body found in Cajamurquilla, Peru. The individual was dated to have lived between 550 A.D. and 1532. We are quite aware that there were only a few written accounts of the ancient people. We may be able to learn about their daily lives and routines, but it is impossible to decipher emotions from a piece of writing. Through the tests that were conducted on the body, more about the emotions of the ancient Peruvians were discovered. Archaeologists and historians were able to receive the first idea of the emotions of the ancient humans with the tests of a sample of hair from the body. In the tests, the hair showed that the ancient Peruvians were under huge amounts of stress. The hair contained high concentrations of cortisol, which is a stress hormone. Knowing the rate of hair growth, the amount of cortisol that was present in the hair was easily calculated into finding the levels of stress. This means that people have never been able to escape from the presence of stress. During this individual’s lifetime, they suffered from stress due to the worry of food availability, social and physical threats, weather conditions, safety, and many others. Although there are different reasons behind why people experience stress, it will never withdraw from the existing world. Remember, don't let the stress kill you!
Thursday, December 10, 2009
One theory is that, in December 2012, the sun will align with the black hole at the center of the galaxy, and this will throw our entire solar system “off kilter”. This could cause the sun to experience more, and more intense, solar flares, sending a wave of solar particles towards Earth. This could change the direction of the magnetic field of the planet, disrupting all communications, and creating natural disasters worse than ever seen before. However, other’s say good events may happen. When the sun passes through a dark band of the Milky Way called the “Great Rift” and that this will cause us all to “reconnect with our cosmic hearts”.
Many people claim that monuments like Stela 25, a temple, were designed to predict what the sky would look like at the end of the Long Count calendar. However, it has been noted that the northward orientation occurs every year, and would not be specific to just 2012. This is the case with many other theories that link temples and other monuments to the heavens and the end of the long count calendar. So far, no one has found any true evidence that the Mayans predicted the end of the world, and then left a monument to warn us about it.
This unique tourist attraction is credited to Erich von Däniken. In his Mystery Park, you'll find yourself transported to a place of history and aliens. That's right aliens. As you explore some of the best known landmarks of all time, like the Egyptian pyramids, Easter Island heads, and the Temple of the Feathered Snake, there are different attractions with most of them consiting of alien encounters. Though Mystery Park is not the first place to spend your money for fun, it does give you a whole new experience about history.
Over the years, Marco's claims of traveling to lands far and wide, such as China, are being re-evaluated. This man says he went to China but in the many years he claimed to have spent there, he did not pick up on their language, or even one of their most popular past times, drinking tea. Along with that, no Chinese record mentions his name even though he claimed to have played an important role in China's government.
Although, when he went back to Europe and told the westerners about his amazing journey, they embraced his story with open arms. His book, "The Travels of Marco Polo" became the most read book in Europe. Even though the book used Persian terms to refer to many people and things. The other ironic thing about his book is that he wrote it with the help of a fiction writer.
So what do you think? Did the alleged hero really go to China or did he pull the greatest trick of all time?
Lazzaretto Nuovo is a small island near Venice where the first evidence of an exorcism was found. The woman’s jawbone had a brick pushed into it, which was a technique used on suspected vampires. Inserting bricks or s4tones into the “vampires” mouth was said to stop the creature from spreading the plague. It isn’t often that archaeologists are able to diagnose something they find as being “undead”, but Matteo Borrini was first to get the chance.
Jump forward 64 years. Pistone, now 87, has finally learned what the album was intended for. The Paintings depicted in the album were to be showcased as part of a series in in Hitler's "Fuehrermuseum," a planned museum in Linz, Austria.
This 3-inch thick, 12-pound book is going to be formally returned to Germany in a ceremony in January. Germany has found 19 other albums that were apart of a 31-collection to be or to be considered being shown at the Linz museum
Wednesday, December 9, 2009
Eighty-nine-year-old John Demjanjuk is being put on trial for committing the serious crime as being a suspected guard at a Nazi concentration camp. It is believed that Demjanjuk was a guard at the Sobibor network of camps located in Poland, and may have been responsible for the deaths of 27,900 Jewish people. He denies being a guard at Sobibor, but there are records showing his name and transfer orders located at this camp. As there are no living eyewitnesses to have seen Demjanjuk at this camp, prosecutors will not have the testimonies of anyone. If Demjanjuk is convicted of this heinous crime, he will most likely be subjected to spend the rest of his life behind bars. However, if he does escape this fate, he may possibly be alienated, as he is without a passport, and no country wants to be associated with him. This riveting, nail-biting trial is likely to be the last Holocaust trial to receive a lot of public attention. Even if Demjanjuk is not imprisoned, he will always be a prisoner to the potential regret that may plague his thoughts.
Using the remains of the original, poor-quality work of art, other interpretations and recreations of it, and science, these scientists were able to successfully recreate the world’s treasured masterpiece. They used a long, tedious analytical process of taking each pixel, and closely analyzing it for the exact color, texture, and pigment levels of each stroke. These scientists also had the ability to add the forgotten piece of “The Last Supper”, the lower half which contained Jesus’ feet, which had been cut off centuries ago when the painting was used for a door. This had been done by the analyzing of many contemporary portrayals of the painting. This new digital creation is meant to be cherished and treasured, just as DaVinci would have wanted to impact the world.
A family in the Oxford area in Great Britain has found the answer to that question. Apparently, the family bought the book about forty years ago “for a few shillings” and kept it on their book case in their guest bathroom. The son-in-law of the current owners was at an exhibition on Darwin and saw a picture of the book. He realized the book in the bathroom matched the binding of Darwin’s book. The book was promptly put up for sale. On Tuesday November 24th, 2009, the 150th anniversary of the book’s original publication, the green-cloth volume was purchased by an anonymous bidder for 174,000 dollars. I wonder what Darwin would be more surprised about, that his book was kept in a bathroom for forty years or how much the copy sold for today.
Dr. Kara Cooney believes that this discovery is more of a "resurrection of Hatshepsut's image." For 3,000 years, Queen Hatshepsut has been erased form history and remained unknown to most people. Back when she was alive, Hatshepsut stole the throne from her stepson, dressed and acted as a man, then announced herself Pharaoh. She was greater than any female ruler with her rule stretching far across Egypt and having a prosperous reign. However, Hatshepsut was killed and completely erased from history. Her monuments were destroyed, any record of her was ruined, and her corpse was removed from her tomb. "The discovery of the Hatshepsut mummy is one of the most important finds in the history of Egypt," said Dr. Hawass. "Her reign during the 18th Dynasty of ancient Egypt was a prosperous one, yet mysteriously she was erased from Egyptian history. Our hope is that this mummy will help shed light on this mystery and on the mysterious nature of her death."
Sunday, November 29, 2009
The remains of 50,000 Persian soldiers all thought to have vanished with out a trace may finally be coming to light after 2,500 years. According to the ancient Greek historian Herodotus the soldiers disappeared in 525 BC on their way to destroy the oracle located at Siwa. Persian King Cambyses II, the son of Cyrus the Great, sent 50,000 soldiers from Thebes to attack the Oasis of Siwa and destroy the oracle at the Temple of Amun after the priests there refused to legitimize his claim to Egypt. After marching in the desert for 7 days the army was supposedly swallowed in a sand storm. No trace of the soldiers has ever been found, until now.
The archeologists worked on a hypothesis that the army had actually traveled an indirect route, because it was not likely that the Persians would have had conceived a military campaign for taking all of the desert oases under Egyptian control on the way to the oracle. After several expeditions over a 13-year period looking along the route, and deciding to follow an ancient story that thousands of bones had been on covered by the wind in a large valley, the archeologists found what they were looking for. Under natural shelters, they found thousands of sun-bleached bones and personal effects and other weapons. It was found that the army had dispersed during the sandstorm over a wide area. Many agree that though much has been found a more in-depth exploration of the area is needed.
The Persian King Cambyses II was not the only military leader that sought recognition as a god from the great oracle of Amun at Siwa. A century after Herodotus wrote his account, Alexander the Great made his own pilgrimage to the oracle in 332 B.C. Alexander was confirmed that he was the divine son of Zeus, the Greek god equated with Amun.
Sunday, November 8, 2009
Tuesday, October 20, 2009
Wednesday, October 14, 2009
Many Spartan babies that were thought to be not strong enough were left to perish. Because of their unique training, Spartans became dominant figures in war tactics. This training transformed regular boys into killing machines. At age seven, every Spartan boy is taken from his mother to begin his training. Starting at the age of seven, they were taught not to cry but to council pain. A game was played in which Spartan boys would stand in a circle, be flogged, and the one who lasted the longest was the winner. The Spartan society was designed to strip people of their individual identity. As they got older there was and increasing level of violence. Training became more and more intense. Spartans were reminded of their heritage as they were worked to death. By early teens Spartan boys are given wooden staffs and tipless spears. Even though these were games, many boys died from them. This is just a small example of how the Spartans prepared their troops for battle.
Tuesday, October 13, 2009