Monday, December 6, 2010
Cleopatra May Not Have Been First Female to Pharaoh
Although Cleopatra has been known as Egypt’s first female pharaoh, it has been discovered that Queen Arsinoë II may have been there 200 years before her. By analyzing the crown she wore, Swedish researchers are starting to question whether all the pharaohs had all really been male. Queen Arsinoë II (316-270 B.C.) was the first female pharaoh belonging to the Ptolemy family. She was the daughter of Ptolemy I who was a Macedonian general who later became the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which is the dynasty Cleopatra belonged to. She was not a regular queen. She had fought in battles and even won events in the Olympics. She was married three times, that last time being to her brother King Ptolemy II. This is when she was given her unique crown. The symbols on the crown showed that she was a queen, high priestess, and the ruler of Lower Egypt. She dies at the age of 45 and was supposedly honored for 200 years after her death. There was even a special shrine built in remembrance of her, Arsinoëion. The original crown was interpreted into many variations, which were later on worn by future queens such as Cleopatra III and Cleopatra VII.
Bailey W. Period 1